All over the world, many cities have faced difficulties in expanding their rapid transit networks at the scales and rates needed to meet the challenges posed by urban population growth, economic development and climate change. In order to understand how to respond to these challenges, the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) undertook an international study in order to extend and deepen knowledge of rapid transit infrastructure investment practices in Brazil, with analysis on opportunities and challenges for expanding these systems and recommendations on how to steer public policies and investments in this sector.
Similar to the LEED designation for green buildings, BRT corridors may achieve a basic BRT, bronze, silver or gold designation. The Standard scores more than 30 elements of BRT corridor design, with points awarded for elements that most significantly improve operational performance.
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Updated: March 2015
Of the systems scored, 15 are classified as gold, 28 as silver, 41 as bronze, and 6 as “basic” BRT, indicating a minimum of BRT features, but not quite qualifying as best practice. Eight did not qualify as BRT. Furthermore, ITDP has identified 200 additional corridors that preliminarily meet the BRT basics.
The BRT Standard is an evaluation tool for world-class bus rapid transit based on international best practices. It is also the centerpiece of a global effort by leaders in bus rapid transit design to establish a common definition of BRT and ensure that BRT systems more uniformly deliver world-class passenger experiences, significant economic benefits, and positive environmental impacts.
To score your own development, see the TOD Score Calculator under “Additional Resources” on the TOD Standard page.
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Released: April 2014
TEEMP is a suite of excel-based, free-of-charge, suite of spreadsheet models and methods that can be used to evaluate the greenhouse gas (GHG), air pollution, and other impacts of many types of transportation projects.
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Source: CAI-Asia and ITDP
Last updated: April 2015
The TEEMP tools were initially developed by the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) and Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) for evaluating the emissions impacts of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) transport projects. TEEMP has been modified and extended to serve as a standard method to evaluate Global Environmental Facility (GEF) projects.
The most recent release of TEEMP incorporates the new BRT Standard to help users identify the most effective elements of BRT project design to spur ridership, boost travel speeds, and cut emissions. It can also be used for basic analysis where there are major gaps in local data, but also can help identify key local data that could help provide more accurate project forecasts of ridership, emissions, and benefits.
TEEMP can be easily applied for evaluating the impacts of various transport measures at a project level. Project-level TEEMP models exist for BRT, bicycle, pedestrian, MRT, and highway projects, as well as travel demand management measures. In 2011, a new module, TEEMP-City, was developed by CAI-Asia, with support from ITDP and Veolia Transport, to quantify emissions and other impacts from various projects at the city-wide scale.
The “Transport Emissions Evaluation Models for Projects” (TEEMP) modeling tool suite, has been developed over the past two years by ITDP, the CAI-Asia, ADB, Cambridge Systematics, and the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the GEF. TEEMP has been applied to ADB projects, ITDP projects, and six World Bank projects.
The drawings of the modern cycle rickshaws were designed for the India Cycle Rickshaw Improvement Project. The project resulted in nearly half a million modern rickshaws in North India. The new rickshaws are revolutionary in terms of safety and comfort both for the rickshaw drivers as well as the passengers. Advantages include a 30% weight reduction by means of an integral tubular frame, the provision of a multi gear system specifically designed for rickshaws, and a lower center of gravity, which improves the stability of the vehicle.
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Source: Shreya Gadepalli, ITDP