MAP | WHAT IS TOD? | ABOUT THE TOD STANDARD | THE SCORECARD 2014 | BEST PRACTICES | DOWNLOAD | FOR THE PRESS
The TOD Standard is an assessment, recognition and policy guidance tool uniquely focused on integrating sustainable transport and land use planning and design. It is aimed at a broad range of urban development stakeholders, including governments, developers and investors, planners and designers, sustainable development advocates and interested citizens.
The principal uses include:
- Assessing the walkability, cycle friendliness, and transit orientation of completed urban development projects,
- Evaluating projects at the planning or design phases to identify gaps and opportunities for improvement,
- Evaluating existing station areas or station area plans, to identify opportunities for improvement and investment, and
- Guiding policy and regulations relevant to urban planning, transportation planning, land use, urban design and parking.
The TOD Standard, built on the rich experience of many organizations around the world including our own, addresses development that maximizes the benefits of public transit while firmly placing the emphasis back on the users — people. We call this form of design “transit-oriented development” (TOD), and it marks a key difference with transit-adjacent development, which is simply buildings located next to transit corridors and stations. TOD implies high quality, thoughtful planning and design of land use and built form characteristics to support, facilitate and prioritize not only the use of public transport, but the most basic modes of transport, walking and cycling.
By creating a commonly applicable framework grounded in the key principles of transport in urban life, the Standard will be able to benchmark the performance of projects and plans against what is currently considered international best practice, such as Central Saint Giles in London, Massena District in Paris, Hammarby Sjöstad in Stockholm and Västra Hamnen in Malmö, Sweden.
Project Eligibility Criteria
- Be located within a 1 kilometer maximum walking distance to a high-capacity transit station, or within 500 meters walking distance to a direct service to a high-capacity transit line. (Metric 4.1 | Walk distance to transit).
- The direct service should be of 15 minutes maximum headway, and 5 kilometers or less to a high-capacity transit line.
- Have a complete, safe walkway network (Metric 1.1 | Walkways), i.e. all destinations should be connected to each other and the stations by protected walkways.
- Create at least one new, publicly accessible street, pedestrian path, or passageway connecting two different public right of ways. This new link can be on private property but must be open daily for a minimum of 15 hours, and offer a safe and complete walkway as per the details of Metric 1.1 | Walkways.
A plan or design can use the TOD Standard for evaluation purposes, but is not eligible for recognition until built.
Station Area Evaluation
A station area is defined as the area within reasonable walkable distance of a transit station. We recommend using 1 kilometer walk distance to define the boundaries of the primary TOD zone, i.e. a walking time of 20 minutes to final destination at an average urban walking speed of approximately 3 km/h (wait at intersections included as such), but the useful walkable time/distance for analysis is at the discretion of the users. Note that station areas are not eligible for recognition.
Technical Committee and Endorsers
The TOD Standard is governed by the Technical Committee, convened by the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP). The Technical Committee comprises globally-renowned experts on the integration of land use, urban design and transport planning. This committee guides, reviews and validates the technical elements of the TOD Standard, and recommends revisions as needed. The Committee is solely authorized to certify urban development projects.
B.R. Balachandran, Alchemy Urban Systems Private Limited
Robert Cevero, University of California, Berkeley
Betty Deakin, University of California, Berkeley
Michael King, Nelson \ Nygaard Consulting
Shomik Mehndiratta, World Bank
Luc Nadal, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
Peter Park, University of Colorado, Denver
Hiroaki Suzuki, World Bank, Former