Transport systems designed for the solo, male, able-bodied commuter can be hostile environments literally anyone else. Transit is cumbersome or physically impossible for those with limited mobility, when carrying groceries or daily goods, or traveling with children or elderly relatives. Women, who typically perform primary caretaker roles in addition to performing paid work, tend to make more frequent and shorter trips with multiple purposes, which many transit systems make difficult. Sexual harassment in public spaces and transit is a common problem everywhere in the world, by effectively of constraining the rights and movements of women and LGBTQIA+ people. Despite high growth in emerging countries, global inequality increased since 1980. The top 1% captured twice as much global income growth as the bottom 50%. As private car ownership rises globally, it contributes to growing social disparities. Unchecked sprawl is putting more distance between home and work. Car dependent culture creates further divisions between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’, allowing those with cars to obtain jobs and attend schools located farther away from the city core, while those dependent on public transport have severely limited opportunities.
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