Low- and middle- income countries suffer disproportionately from transport-generated pollution. This is due, in part, to the unfettered use of old and inefficient vehicles as well as a lack of public and active transport networks. It is increasingly clear that the electrification of transport modes will have a major role to play in significantly cutting GHG emissions and particulate matter from the transport sector. Electrification of transportation systems, like buses, offers an important approach in the fight against climate change. To be completely clean, electric vehicles must be plugged into a green grid, something still far in the future for most countries.
We need to shift away from fossil fuel-powered vehicle dependence (the sprawl that accompanies it) and toward clean fuels, public transport, and walkable land-use patterns. This is critical as global temperatures continue to rise. For instance, one electric bus produces up to eight times less emissions than a diesel bus, a number improved by the use of renewable sources to provide energy. With zero-tailpipe emissions and low life cycle global warming emissions, electric transit buses and electric two and three-wheelers (bikes, scooters, motorcycles, rickshaws, etc.) offer significant local air quality and climate benefits.
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