Vientiane is the capital of Lao, PDR, in Southeast Asia. The city runs along the iconic Mekong River and, with 800,000 people, is small compared to most capitals in the region. The urban core still has a quiet French colonial charm. But with motorization on the rise, the urban core is in danger of becoming victim to the same parking and traffic problems that face other cities around the world.
ITDP China won an Asian Development Bank bid to prepare a detailed BRT conceptual design in Vientiane in the first half of 2014. The conceptual design included BRT corridor selection, BRT station design, road and intersection design along the BRT corridor (including road layouts at and between stations), institutional & regulatory issues, detailed costing for all components of the BRT project, and high quality modal integration plans including the implementation of pedestrian facility and parking reforms. ITDP China’s plans and designs in Vientiane, which were positively received by local stakeholders, are currently subject to a major forthcoming ADB loan.
Vientiane NMT Proposal
The main objective of this study and preliminary design is to provide a basis for the implementation of improvements for non-motorized transport (NMT) in Vientiane, preferably funded by an Asian Development Bank (ADB) loan. A secondary objective is to provide input to the ADB study on NMT in three case study cities in Asia. The bulk of this work took place over a three-month period from November 2013 to February 2014. Substantial additional and follow-up work was took place throughout 2014. A demonstration project component was outlined for implementation in 2015, which also occurred in 2014, further informed the NMT recommendations.
Vientiane Parking Reform
Vientiane is growing fast with new shopping malls, residences, offices, restaurants and hotels built continuously. Growing prosperity and a lack of high-quality transport alternatives are leading to increased vehicle ownership, more traffic and higher parking demand. This parking reform proposal is part of the ADB TA 7964-LAO: Vientiane Sustainable Urban Transport Project, which describes the existing situation regarding parking, identifies the problems supported by parking surveys, and the supply vs. demand analysis for both on-street and off-street parking. ITDP China proposed several recommendations to Vientiane regarding parking zones, pricing, technology, design, enforcement, policies, setbacks, off-street parking, communications, and costing.