April 02, 2021


Visual of the infographic detailing the differences between cities built around urban highways and those that prioritize complete streets planning, which allows for safer walking, cycling, and other various modes of transportation to thrive rather than just cars.

City of Vancouver. (2017). People-Moving Capacity: Vancouver Urban Transportation Modes.
Congress for the New Urbanism. (n.d.). Freeways Without Futures.
Global Designing Cities Initiative. (2016). Global Street Design Guide.
ITDP. (2019). Final Report High Volume Transport: Urban Transport Theme 2. High Volume
Transport Applied Research.
Inrix. (2020). Inrix 2020 Global Traffic Scorecard.
Kelly, P., Kahlmeier, S., Gotschi, T., Orsini, N., Richards, J., Roberts, N., Scarborough, P., & Foster,
C. (2014). Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Reduction in All-cause Mortality
from Walking and Cycling and Shape of Dose Response Relationship. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 (132).
Mazumdar, S., Learnihan, V., Cochrane, T., & Davey, R. (2017). The Built Environment and Social
Capital: A Systematic Review. Environment and Behavior, 1-40.
McDonnell et al., 2006. Traffic, Susceptibility, and Childhood Asthma. Environmental Health
Perspectives, 114(5).
National Association of City Transportation Officials. (2016). Transit Street Design Guide.
Rogers, S. H., Gardner, K. H., & Carlson, C. H. (2013). Social Capital and Walkability as Social
Aspects of Sustainability. Sustainability, 5, 3473-3483.
Smart Growth America. (2015). Safer Streets, Stronger Economies: Complete Streets Project
Outcomes from Across the Country.
Streetmix. (n.d.). Streetmix.


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