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Many factors influence RTR. A dense city may require less transit length to provide the same level of access as a more sprawling city with the same population. Because of this, RTR is perhaps most useful for comparing transit growth over time. As populations grow, transit investment must at least keep pace with that growth and must increase faster than population growth in order to improve the ability of people to move around cities.
This map presents a baseline for countries to gauge their transit growth in the coming years. Across a diverse range of financing and development levels, countries can all make smart investments in their infrastructure, and in turn, an investment in their people.
Parking is a mystery. Many public agencies push for more parking in buildings, but, rather than alleviating the parking problem, it leads to massive traffic jams, severe air pollution, and more road deaths. Under the illusion that density creates congestion, public agencies also control building density. However, it is parking, not density, that creates traffic congestion. Excessive parking supply that is cheap or free induces people to use personal motor vehicles—even when good public transport is provided.
Cities across the world are now realizing their past follies. They now follow a simple mantra— add transit, build density, cut parking. Put another way, where there is good connectivity to mass rapid transit, building density is welcome but parking supply is not. Parking fees are pegged to parking demand—when demand increases, fees also increases. Revenue generated this way is used to build complete streets—with better walking and cycling infrastructure—and expand public transport.
Parking Basics outlines these key principles and steps involved in managing on-street parking and regulating off-street parking.
Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand, a state that remains largely rural, but is urbanising fast. The use of personal motor vehicles is expanding rapidly in Ranchi, leading to congestion in central areas and safety challenges. Ranchi lacks a formalised public transport system and people are largely dependent on paratransit for their day-to-day travel.
This report aims to develop a detailed roadmap for Ranchi’s sustainable development, based on the principles and initiatives presented in the Ranchi Mobility Charter. The report identifies existing challenges and suggests a vision for Ranchi’s transport systems that is consistent with the RMP’s Mobility Charter, highlighting the importance of equity, sustainability, and liveability. The report suggests specific projects to achieve those goals, including enhanced facilities for walking and cycling, better public transport, and new measures for controlling and managing the use of personal motor vehicles.
Chennai is a city at the cross roads between history and development, with the potential to develop into a global and cultural center that provides improved quality of life to its people. This improved quality of life can be provided through high quality transit systems that not only provide connectivity, but also ensure safety, comfort, increased mobility, brand appeal and civic pride.
Through a review of existing conditions in Chennai, the options available for mass transit systems and their performances around the world and focusing on the role of buses in public transport, this report establishes the need for a proven and easy-to-implement solution in the form of a BRT. Also outlined are the key features of the BRT, analysis of existing MTC services and other mass transit facilities for phasing of corridors in Chennai. Also identified are the steps towards implementing the BRT in Chennai including the components of a special purpose vehicle, role of private sector, funding sources and the steps towards developing a detailed project report, all of which, if implemented, could transform Chennai into a city that provides high quality transport options for both the rich and the poor.
Walking is fundamental to urban life. It is a healthy and pollution-free form of mobility and recreation. Pedestrian trips account for a quarter to a third of all trips in many Indian cities. However, the poor quality of pedestrian infrastructure sends a message that pedestrians are not welcome in the urban environment.
Fortunately, street design practice in India is beginning to recognise the integral role of walking in any sustainable transport system. Increasingly, engineers and planners are emphasising the need to design “complete streets” that make walking safe, comfortable, and convenient. Reflecting this changing outlook, the Indian Road Congress’ (IRC) First Revision of the Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities represents a significant departure from traditional traffic engineering practice, which focused on maximising personal motor vehicle speeds at the expense of other street users. The Guidelines emphasise the need to design streets for all users and activities, including the social and economic activities that make Indian streets so vibrant.
This quick reference guide highlights key concepts from the IRC Guidelines, including footpath design standards. The guide also draws from local and international best practice for some themes not covered in the IRC publication.
Practitioners looking for more a more comprehensive resource on street design should refer to ITDP’s Better Streets, Better Cities.
In addition, interested parties can reference ITDP’s Footpath Basics infographic to see the key aspects of high quality footpaths.
Maintaining high quality standards and excellent customer service will be critical to the successful rollout of cycle sharing in India over the coming years. Public cycle sharing systems: A planning toolkit for Indian cities introduces the key ingredients of best practice cycle sharing systems. The toolkit draws from lessons learned from cycle sharing projects around the world while presenting adaptations to administrative structures and transport system typologies found in the Indian context.
Modern cycle sharing systems employ information technology systems to ensure security, provide real-time customer information, and facilitate the redistribution of cycles. These IT features enable the operator to ensure that cycles are available when and where users need them. IT systems also provide a way for the implementing agency to monitor system status and ensure that the operator meets service level standards. A combination of good engineering and constant oversight on the part of the government will ensure that cycle sharing systems can attract a diverse set of users. The toolkit was developed on behalf of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, as part of India’s National Public Bicycle Scheme.
The toolkit reflects the input of numerous stakeholders during a series of public consultations in 2011 and 2012. ITDP wishes to thank the Chairperson of the working group, B. I. Singal, Director General of the Institute of Urban Transport, and all those who provided input and support for the preparation of the document. ITDP welcomes further suggestions to improve the toolkit. Write to firstname.lastname@example.org.