Effective parking management will be a critical component of the success of Dar es Salaam Rapid Transit (DART). This chapter presents recommendations for reforming parking policies in the city centre to reflect the arrival of DART. The conclusions are based on an extensive survey of parking supply and occupancy in the city centre; interviews with staff from the City Council and parking contractor; review of parking revenue records; and two workshops with local business owners and staff from the City Council and Ilala municipality.
In as complex an urban environment as central Dar es Salaam, streets have multiple functions. They allow cars, daladalas and other vehicles to access buildings and pass through the centre. They allow trucks to make deliveries. They provide space for parking and loading. They are the places where people walk. And streets provide some of the city centre’s few open spaces – places for residents, shop owners, employees and visitors to socialize, interact and relax.
At present, most city centre streets are designed in a similar fashion, and cater to cars and trucks, pedestrians, parking and in some cases, daladalas. In most cases, they perform none of these functions particularly well. They are difficult for cars to navigate; and walkways are narrow and frequently blocked by vendors or parked cars.
This chapter recommends a new framework to manage city centre streets. It recognizes that each street cannot perform every function well. Instead, it allows them to focus on one or two core functions. This takes advantage of the circulation changes that will be required for DART construction – namely, reserving Morogoro Road for buses, and reversing the direction of Samora Avenue. However, it goes further in proposing that some streets be reserved for pedestrians, and that some focus on the movement of vehicle traffic.
Proposals for the design of the fare collection system for the Dar es Salaam BRT. The proposed design consists of a Manual System, which can be enhanced with an Automatic System. The Manual System consists of a staff of cashiers at stations and conductors at feeder buses charging fares and controlling access to the BRT. At the back end of this process, a Secure Transportation Company will take the cash from the stations to the bank, under secure conditions. A team of analysts from the Fare Collection Contractor will consolidate sales data and prepare a daily report of cash and passenger volume. The Management Agency will consolidate all information from the Secure Transportation Company and from the Fare Collection Contractor, and will audit the entire process.