New Questions in the 2020 Brazil Census Include:
- Work and school commutes
- Where do you work/go to school?
- How often do you complete this commute?
- What transport mode do you usually use? (max three)
- If more than one mode, which one do you spend the most time in?
- Mapping of existing infrastructure around households
- Is there a bus stop in your neighborhood?
- Are there any signalized crossings for pedestrians?
- Are there any cycleways (signalized shared road/lane, cycle lane or cycle track)?
The national census is the most comprehensive source of data available for understanding the quality of life of everyday people. In Brazil, as in many nations, the national census is the most important set of data the government uses to guide policy and investments in the next decade. The census is the largest survey conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), aiming to count the number of inhabitants in Brazil and identify their main demographics. It is also the only survey collecting data on living conditions in every Brazilian municipality. By federal law, the investigation has to be conducted every ten years. The 2010 census was the first to investigate commuting time for job and study trips but included limited information about others important aspects of mobility.
“This is a big win for transport advocates and researchers, and an even bigger win for everyday Brazilians,” says Bernardo Serra, Policy Coordinator for ITDP Brazil, “This data will show us the biggest challenges to transit, walking, and biking access in Brazilian cities, and will help prioritize investments based on the greatest need.”
ITDP Brazil has been advocating for inclusion of mobility indicators in coalition with dozens of local organizations. While the ultimate goal is to improve mobility conditions in Brazil, the indicators will also be helpful in measuring Brazil’s progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement, and the New Urban Agenda.